Drs. Mike Shott (University of Akron) and Kevin Nolan (Ball State University) have organized the Central Ohio Archaeological Digitization Survey (COADS) to undertake a concerted effort to engage the artifact collectors and archaeology enthusiasts in central Ohio in building out a more complete and more accessible record of the prehistoric past of the region. Recognizing that the vast majority of artifacts and sites are contained in private collections, Shott and Nolan seek to bridge this void in the academic record of the region. The full story of how prehistoric cultures coped with adversity and environmental change demands incorporating into archaeological research the knowledge that resides in private collections. The Central Ohio Archaeological Digitization Survey (COADS) is the first systematic effort to map and digitize collections from a specific region of the United States, the remarkable prehistoric landscape of Ohio's central Scioto Valley. One of its chief innovations is to treat local knowledge as integral to the archaeological record and research. In the process, COADS documents prehistoric cultural transitions as responses to population growth, economic change, and landscape development. It uses archaeology's unique perspective to study tempo and mode of long-term technological change. COADS integrates the materials from private collections with previous site- and region-based analyses into a composite model of distribution of human activity on the landscape over time. Previous work constructed a mutually reinforcing model of transition from mobility to residential stability (i.e., more sedentary populations) concomitant with a shift to increasing focus on, and eventual domestication of, seed crops.
Attention OAC Members:
Mark your calendars for the Fall 2017 Ohio Archaeological Council Membership Meeting and Symposium to be held Friday September 29, 2017 at the Ohio History Center in Columbus.
The theme for the symposium is Consulting with American Indians.
For this symposium we are soliciting presentations addressing the following:
- Examples of working with NAGPRA- the good and the bad and lessons learned; creating inventories and summaries; tribal consultation concerning human remains and/or TCPs/sacred sites
- Working with or in the absence of state or federal laws regarding human burial sites and remains and sacred sites/TCPs- including an update on the current effort in Ohio to improve the protection of human burial places
- Tribal perspectives and related matters
Tentative schedule: Friday September 29, 2017
10-11:40am presentations (five @ 20 minutes each)
11:40am-12:30pm OAC Business meeting
12:30-1:30pm Lunch: Food Trucks at OHC or on your own
1:30-3:10pm presentations (five @ 20 minutes each)
3:10-4:00pm presenter/panel discussion and Q&A
The 2017-2018 round of Ohio History Fund grant applications is now available at ohiohistory.org/historyfund. The application deadline is Sept. 1, 2017 (by 11:59 p.m.).
These grants support all kinds of history projects including archaeological research. Eligible applicants include local historical societies, museums, public libraries, genealogical societies, university archives and special collections, historic preservation groups, archeological societies, county records management offices, "friends" groups, and other non-profit and public entities. (Ineligible applicants include for-profit businesses, private individuals, and the Ohio History Connection).
Click here for a list of past grant recipients.
Al Tonetti, chair (members Bill Kennedy, Jeff Reichwein, Lauren Sieg)
Better Protecting Human Burial Places in Ohio. Most members are aware that the OAC has met with OHC/SHPO to discuss ways to better protect certain human burial places, i.e., those not under the jurisdiction of the Dept. of Commerce, Div. of Real Estate. This effort is a direct result of the unauthorized excavation at the Trace Rockshelter in Jackson County a few years ago, but has been a concern for decades. Ohio is often mentioned as having the least effective laws governing the identification and protection of human burial places in the nation.
This is a very complex matter that to this point has been limited to discussion between certain members of the OAC’s Board, OHC/SHPO staff, and State Rep. Scherer. At Rep. Scherer’s request, a meeting with State Rep. Seitz is being scheduled, possibly in May. It will help determine whether we should proceed with the current comprehensive effort or scale back to simply addressing revising penalties under existing law. Either way, we would then engage other interest groups.
HB 168. Introduced March 29, 2017, it would modify duties of the Div. of Real Estate, Dept. of Commerce regarding cemeteries under their jurisdiction, including registration, maintenance, and establish a grant program. The bill is a result of the Cemetery Law Task Force’s 2014 recommendations. OAC provided comments to SHPO on the bill.
Dept. of Administrative Services (DAS) sale of state land. In bills introduced last fall, the state of Ohio proposed selling certain prison farmlands containing important archaeological resources. The OAC intervened in the House after the Senate bill passed within a few weeks of being introduced. With the cooperation of SHPO we were able to halt, for now, the sale. In the bill the Ohio Dept. of Rehab and Corrections and DAS proposed selling land containing the western portion of Shriver Circle and much of Kramer Mound and Village in Ross County. We continue to consult with SHPO about this matter.
Protecting Underground Utilities. The Underground Technical Committee has ruled on 26 of about 35 complaints filed. Most complaints are by contractors/excavators against utilities. No fines have been levied. 60% of complaints involve utilities’ failure to mark utility locations or give notice of no conflicts.
The Ohio Utilities Damage Prevention Coalition is likely to meet later this year to discuss possible revisions of the law. Possible revisions include waiting 72 instead of 48 hours to give utility locators more time to mark, removal of exemptions, clarifying the large complex projects process, and ticket life.
Statehood Day 2017. Occurred March 1. Expressed concern for maintaining OHC/SHPO funding in the biennial budget. State revenues continue to lag predictions. Last year’s ask, initiated by the OAC, for a House/Senate concurrent resolution supporting the U.S. Government’s nomination of the Hopewell Ceremonial Earthworks nomination to the World Heritage List, was successful.
Rover Pipeline Settlement with SHPO. Rover, back by Energy Transfer Partners, the same firm behind the Dakota Access Pipeline, intentionally demolished a farmstead that was eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places before completing the Section 106 process. Rover agreed to a $2.3 million fine, the $ for which will be used by the Ohio History Connection/SHPO for historic preservation projects throughout Ohio.
BLM leases in Wayne National Forest (WNF). The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) sold more than 1000 acres of oil and gas leases on the Marietta Unit of the WNF. At this time there is no federal undertaking. Cultural resources surveys would be done when the lessee proposes actions affecting the land. BLM would oversee cultural resource surveys, assisted by WNF. The same could happen in Cuyahoga Valley National Park where the National Park Service only owns about one-third of the mineral rights.
WNF PA. We submitted comments to WNF on their draft programmatic agreement for complying with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act.
STOP Act (Safeguard Tribal Objects of Patrimony) of 2016. From the 114th Congress. Not reintroduced into the 115th. Increases prison time from 5 to 10 years for persons convicted a second time of illegally trafficking American Indian human remains. Also bans export of illegally obtained American Indian cultural objects.
Ongoing Section 106 Consultations
Stuart Station data recovery and human remains, Adams County.
Judge Barker House, Washington County.
Camp Sherman, Ross County.
Meigs Mine 31 pipeline, where prehistoric human remains were discovered at 33GA387.
Rolling Hills Generating Station project. The OAC was asked to consult regarding resolving adverse effects to site 33MS609, a stratified, primarily Late Archaic-Early Woodland site on the Ohio River floodplain.
Buckeye Lake Dam improvements, Licking County.
Data recovery at 33HY107 for the Maumee River Crossing Bridge.
Data recovery at 33FR560, 33FR1303, and 33FR2349 at the Columbus Southerly Wastewater Treatment Plant.
Society for American Archaeology (SAA) Government Affairs Network State Representative (GANSR). The SAA has revised its GANSR program. This network will serve as SAA's "eyes and ears on the ground" and will be invaluable to sending timely alerts to a state's SAA members. I was previously Ohio’s GANSR and was re-designated so by SAA. Please bring any state or local archaeology concerns to my attention.
President Trump and Congressional Efforts to “Drain the Swamp.” Efforts to cut regulations affecting CRM archaeology such as the Reins Act, now law, which requires that every year for the next 10 years each agency is to present 10% of their current regulations to Congress for review and approval. There are many other efforts to “rein in” the “administrative state” and “government overreach”, including requiring Congressional and state approval for creation of national monuments under the Antiquities Act of 1906. On April 26, the President signed an Executive Order directing the Sec. of the Interior to review the last 20 years of Presidential monument designations that included more than 100,000 acres of federal land.
The President’s budget proposal eliminates many federal programs for infrastructure that require Section 106 compliance, e.g., Dept. of Commerce’s Economic Development Agency, USDA water and wastewater grants, Dept. of Housing and Urban Development’s Community Development Block Grants, Interior’s Abandoned Mine Land Grants, Transportation’s TIGER grants, EPA’s geographic watersheds programs, including the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, and eliminates the Appalachian Regional Commission, Institute of Museum and Library Services, National Endowments for Arts and Humanities, and National Heritage Areas program.
Reminder: Friday April 28, 2017
Cedar Ridge Lodge @ Battelle Darby Creek Metropark, Galloway, Ohio
Click here for the agenda and paper abstracts.
Attention OAC Members:
Don’t forget our Spring 2017 Ohio Archaeological Council Membership Meeting is scheduled for Friday April 28, 2017 in the Cedar Ridge Lodge at Battelle Darby Creek Metro Park
We have a full slate of presentations to update you on archaeology around Ohio
9:30-10am Coffee, bagels, and donuts
10-11:50am Paper presentations
11:50am-1pm Lunch on your own; taking into consideration that there are no locations convenient to the meeting location to pick lunch up, we recommend you pack a lunch.
1-2pm Ohio Archaeological Council Business meeting
2:10-3:30pm Paper presentations