News from OAC

New OAC Brochure

A new edition of the OAC informational brochure has now been produced.  Feel free to use and distribute to collegues, students, or other potential members.

Download the new OAC Brochure

OHC Seeking Curation Assistant

The Ohio History Connection is seeking a Curation Assistant in its Museum & Library Services Division on a one year contract with the possibility of extension.
This position assists Archaeology Staff with various field work projects at Ohio History Connection sites. Examples of responsibilities include:
• Conducting Phase I-III archaeological field work at Ohio History Connection sites.
• Performing artifact processing and cataloging.
• Contributing to the preparation of technical reports of the results of Phase I-III archaeological investigations.
Applicants should possess a Bachelor's degree in Anthropology/Archaeology, although a Master's degree would be preferred, and have field and lab work experience in a CRM setting and excellent writing skills.

Thorough knowledge of archaeological field methods, knowledge of and experience with artifact identification, intermediate mathematical skills, computer skills, proficiency with MS Word, Excel and Access are desired.

In-State, overnight travel will be necessary.

For more information or to complete an online application go to: Or contact the Ohio History Connection Human Resource Office at:

800 E. 17th Ave.
Columbus, OH 43211-2497
Fax: 614.297.2293
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The Ohio History Connection is an equal opportunity employer. The Ohio History Connection does not discriminate in its employment on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, national origin, ancestry, disability, age, and veteran status, or on any other basis that would be in violation of any applicable federal, state or local law.

Ohio Call–Before-You-Dig Enforcement Rules Available For Comment

On May 6, 2015, the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) published and requested comments on draft rules enforcing Ohio's call-before-you-dig (CBYD) law, and associated Business Impact Analysis (BIA). The draft rules and BIA can be found at the PUCO's website under Documents and Rules, Entries and Orders, May 6, Case No. 15-282-AU-ORD, or by searching for the Case No. Electronically filed comments are due June1; hard copy comments due June 30.

All archaeologists excavating (penetrating the ground with any hand or power tool to any depth for any reason) in Ohio must comply with the CBYD law. Legal enforcement of the law begins January 1, 2016.

If your private or non-profit business conducts excavations in Ohio, you are urged to review the draft rules and the BIA.

New Volume On Prehistoric Architecture Published

Book coverA new volume titled "Building the Past, Prehistoric Wooden Post Architecture in the Ohio Valley-Great Lakes," presents new and previously unpublished studies of precontact architecture in the Ohio region.   Most of the chapters in this new book are derived from a 2012 symposium sponsored by the Ohio Archaeological Council.  Eleven chapters discuss archaeological remnants of wooden post constructions dating from the Late Archaic through Late Prehistoric periods in Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, and Ontario.  The book is published by the University Press of Florida.


List of Chapter Titles and Authors

Chapter One: Building the Past, An Introduction--Brian G. Redmond

Chapter Two: Dwelling on the Past: Late Archaic Structures of the Ohio River Region--Matthew P. Purtill

Chapter Three: For Immediate Occupancy: Cozy 3000 Year Old Heritage Winter House with River View Near Lake Huron: Apply to Terminal Archaic Realty--Christopher J. Ellis, James R. Keron, John Menzies, Stephen G. Monckton, Andrew Stewart

Chapter Four: The Ecology of Indigenous Domestic Architecture in the Hocking River Valley, Ohio--Elliot M. Abrams and Paul E. Patton

Chapter Five: The Several Uses of Wooden Posts During the Hopewell Era--Nomi Greber

Chapter Six: The End--Robert V. Riordan

Chapter Seven: Living Large on the Bottom: A Structural Engineering Analysis of Three Ohio Hopewell Structures from Brown's Bottom, Ross Co., Ohio--Noah Kanter, Paul J. Pacheco, Renato Perucchio, and Jarrod Burks

Chapter Eight: Changes in Pre-Contact Domestic Architecture at the Heckelman Site in Northern Ohio--Brian G. Redmond and Brian L. Scanlan

Chapter Nine: Wall Trench Structures in Fort Ancient Villages of Southwest Ohio and Southeast Indiana: Temporal and Formal Considerations--Robert A. Cook and Robert A. Genheimer

Chapter Ten: Building Community on the White River in Central Indiana: Structures as Reflective of Societal Change at the Late Prehistoric Castor Farm Site--Robert G. McCullough

Chapter Eleven: Fort Ancient Public Structures--David Pollack and Gwynn Henderson

Chapter Twelve: A Framework for Interpreting Structures--William Kennedy and Geoff Carter

OAC Spring Meeting Announcement

The Spring meeting of the OAC will be held on Friday May 1, 2015

Time: 9:30 am to 4:00 pm.

Location: Sharon Woods Metro Park Spring Hollow Lodge – NE side of Columbus.


Spring Meeting Agenda and Abstracts

OAC Business Meeting Agenda


Call Before You Dig! What Archaeologists Need to Know About Ohio's Revised Underground Utility Damage Prevention Law

On December 19, 2014, Governor Kasich signed into law Amended Substitute Senate Bill 378, an act that for the first time enforces Ohio's underground utility damage prevention law. Beginning January 1, 2016, all "excavators" are subject to the law's enforcement provisions. An "excavator" is anyone who moves soil, rock, or other material in order to penetrate the earth ("excavate") to any depth, for any reason, with any hand or mechanical tool. Excavators will have to register with the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) and pay an annual registration fee not to exceed $50. The law contains significant fines for not registering and other acts of non–compliance. The act, along with a summary, analysis, and fiscal analysis, can be read at

Highlights of the Law (adapted from the Ohio Legislative Service Commission)
• The PUCO will enforce Ohio's underground utility damage prevention law, assisted by a 17–member Underground Technical Committee (UTC).
• The UTC is composed of 17 Governor– or General Assembly–appointed members, the majority of whom are excavators or representatives of underground utility industries.
• A person with duties and obligations under the law, and who is directly involved with or impacted by an alleged compliance failure of another person, can file a complaint against the person with the PUCO.
• Requires the UTC to review each complaint, and recommend a fine or other penalty, or request an administrative hearing with the PUCO if the UTC believes harsher fines or penalties are warranted, or determine no enforcement action should be taken.
• Requires, with some exceptions, the PUCO to impose the UTC's recommended fines and penalties.
• Fines for the first compliance failure may be up to $2,500. Fines for subsequent compliance failures may be up to $5,000.
• The UTC may designate a person as a "persistent noncomplier." The fine imposed on a persistent noncomplier may be up to $10,000.
• Requires that a person with a permit for excavation from the state or a local government to comply with the law.
• Requires excavators to register with the PUCO and pay an annual registration fee not exceeding $50.
• Failure to register will result in a fine not exceeding $2,500.
• Requires the registration fee and fines for failure to pay the registration fee to be deposited in the Underground Facilities Protection Administrative Fund, to be used to fund the new enforcement process.
• Creates an Underground Utility Damage Prevention Grant Program funded by compliance-failure fines, to be used for excavation safety training and education.
• Requires the PUCO, in consultation with the UTC, to adopt rules to enforce the law.

Senate Bill 378 FAQs

Senate Bill 378 Enforcement Process Flow Chart

The Ohio Archaeological Council is planning an educational session on the revised law at its spring membership meeting on May 1 at the Spring Hollow Lodge, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville (Franklin County), Ohio.  The program on protecting underground utilities will be from 10 to 11 a.m. Details are forthcoming.