Meet this year’s field school scholarship awardee, Caroline Constantinovich. Caroline is a junior undergraduate at Youngstown State University majoring in Anthropology and Information Technology. She is a participant in IRLab’s Ohio Bioarchaeology Field School operating in Pickaway County, Ohio just south of Columbus. The Ohio Archaeological Council awarded Caroline a $750 scholarship.
Unsure of what to major in, Caroline credits her first anthropology class with the realization that she could combine everything she was passionate about – human history, anatomy, and culture – all into one career. After graduation, she plans to work in cultural resource management, and explore the US at the same time. She then plans to go to graduate school to get her PhD specializing in bioarchaeology. Her interests in bioarchaeology include forensic anthropology and child osteology.
The Ohio bioarchaeology program is the first of two field schools for Caroline this summer. Next up, she goes to Europe to excavate infant remains at Astypalaia, Greece.
OAC Government Affairs Committee Report to Members, May 18, 2018
Al Tonetti, Chair
Jeff Reichwein, Lauren Sieg, Mike Striker, Committee Members
Call Before You Dig: After a three-year hiatus, the Ohio Utility Damage Prevention Coalition (OUDPC) has reconvened to revise Ohio’s law. On April 10, Tonetti attended a kickoff luncheon where revisions to the following items in the current law, all of concern to archaeologists, were identified for future discussion:
• (Re)defining the size, scope, and life of dig tickets, especially large project dig tickets
• Increasing the 48-hour waiting period to 72 hours
• Requiring excavator training
• Requiring positive response checks prior to the 48-hour waiting period deadline
• Enforcing utility and excavation marking and schedules.
Regarding the latter, the possible enforcement of marking/white-lining the approximate location of excavations within excavation sites prior to calling in dig tickets is a concern because the approximate location of our excavations is often not known prior to commencing excavation, especially on large CRM projects. Tonetti will address this matter in future OUDPC meetings.
Human burial places: Under the auspices of State Representative Gary Scherer (R), Circleville, the Legislative Service Commission (LSC) is putting the draft bill language prepared by the working group comprised of staff from OHC and its SHPO, OAC board members, and a lobbyist, into bill format. It should be ready by the end of this month. The Seneca Nation of Indians hired a lobbyist to work with us on getting the legislation enacted.
On October 2, 2017 the President of the Archaeological Society of Ohio, Jim Hovan, previously a member of the working group, sent a letter stating: “careful review of the language in the ‘human burial places’ draft, coupled with the complete and total lack of support from our membership, leads me to withdraw from any support for your project”. Tonetti had a conversation with Hovan about their concerns. It appears they primarily pertain to the possible reduction in private property value once land is designated a human burial place by SHPO.
Last fall, Tonetti made a presentation on this effort to the OHC’s tribal nations conference, and this spring to SHPO’s Governor-appointed Ohio Historic Site Preservation Advisory Board. It was generally well received by both groups. Helpful written comments were received from the Delaware Tribe of Indians and the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi.
The effort was also presented as one of the legislative priorities at OHC’s Statehood Day event on February 28, 2018. We received at least one very positive response from a state legislator.
The working group also had an excellent conference call with the Wisconsin SHPO concerning the many questions we have on all aspects of their law, which was originally enacted in 1986 and just underwent a significant revision. Of note, the revision to the Wisconsin law was initiated by an opponent of the certain aspects of the law, who became chairperson of the revision task force. At the end of the process the opponent became a proponent and the law was strengthened.
The next step is to review the draft bill when it’s received from LSC, discuss it with Rep. Scherer, make revisions, and develop a strategy for consulting with other stakeholders, finding sponsors, etc. The results of this fall’s Gubernatorial and General Assembly elections will affect how we proceed.
Somewhat related, this fall the US Supreme Court will hear a case involving abandoned cemetery preservation on private property in Pennsylvania. The case is Knick v. Scott Township, and involves whether allowing public access to cemeteries is a taking under the Fourth Amendment.
SHPO request for list of Ohio archaeology organizations: SHPO asked for a list and contact information of Ohio archaeology organizations they should consult during Section 106 projects. Tonetti prepared the list with the assistance of the Board and OAC member Jeb Bowen.
Trump executive order (EO) on the Antiquities Act: Tonetti participated in a media event sponsored by the Ohio Environmental Council to counter the impact of Trump’s EO. The focus of his remarks was on the history of Presidential national monument designations in Ohio, primarily Mound City Group, and the impact the EO will have on archaeological resources in national monuments proposed for reduction in size elsewhere.
Historic Preservation Fund: The FY 2018 omnibus spending bill funding the federal government through September was passed by Congress and signed by the President. It includes $97 million for the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF), distributed as follows:
$48,925,000 grants to states – a $1 million increase
$11,485,000 grants to tribes – a $1 million increase
$13,000,000 for Save America’s Treasures – an $8 million increase
$13,000,000 for competitive grants to preserve sites from the Civil Rights Movement
$5,000,000 for grants Historically Black Colleges and Universities – a $1 million increase
$5,000,000 for competitive grants to revitalize historic properties of national, state, and local significance
$500,000 for competitive grants to survey and nominate places associated with under-represented communities to the National Register and as National Historic landmarks
$10,000,000 for American Battlefield Protection Program grants
$23,000,000 for Centennial Challenge projects to help parks across the country improve visitor services and support outreach to new audiences.
Recently, the House Appropriations Interior Subcommittee approved the FY 2019 draft funding legislation for the Department of Interior and related agencies. Preliminary numbers for the HPF:
SHPO and THPO offices: $60.4 million
SAT grants: $13,000,000
Civil Rights grants: $13,000,000
HBCUs: $5 million
Underrepresented Communities grants: $500,000
Subcommittee draft bill: $91,910,000
Section 106 consultation updates:
• Judge Barker House (USACE project, Washington County, archaeology at NRHP-listed building) Ongoing consultation through meetings, conference calls, and emails on conducting archaeological investigations and drafting a memorandum of agreement/MOA concerning the proposed demolition or relocation of the building. The OAC is a concurring party.
• Buckeye Lake (USACE project, Fairfield and Licking counties, historical/shipwreck archaeology). The OAC is a concurring party to the MOA, which includes a stipulation that the consultant make a presentation to the Ohio Archaeological Council. The presentation was made at the May 18, 2018 membership meeting.
• Maumee River Bridge (USACE/ODOT project, Henry County, prehistoric archaeology). The MOA has been executed. Data recovery is underway at site 33HY167 (Late Archaic and Middle Woodland through Late Prehistoric site). The Miami Tribe is an invited signatory; the OAC and Eastern Shawnee Tribe are concurring parties. The MOA includes preparation of an article for unspecified peer-review journal. The OAC will request an article be submitted for our Journal of Ohio Archaeology.
• Stuart Station MOA amendments (USACE project, Adams County, prehistoric archaeology on multiple sites with human burials). Amendments to the original MOA were executed. The OAC is a concurring party. The Absentee Shawnee, Delaware, Eastern Shawnee, Keeweenaw Bay Indian Community, Miami, Pokagon Band Potawatomi, Seneca, and Shawnee tribes are invited signatories. The amended MOA included “cultural competency training” for the USACE and consulting parties. Tonetti and Trustee John Schweikart attended the one-day training hosted by the USACE Huntington District, presented by several Federally recognized tribes with historical connections to the Ohio River valley.
• Outville Road (USACE project, Licking County, NRHP eligible Woodland period prehistoric sites 33LI2208 and 33LI2214). The OAC is a concurring party in the MOA to avoid impacts on the two sites and separate from development by installation permanent fencing and earthen embankments.
• Columbus Southerly Wastewater Facility (USEPA project, Franklin County, prehistoric archaeology data recovery at three Woodland period sites/components) The OAC is a concurring party to the MOA. The results of data recovery were presented at the May 18, 2018 membership meeting.
The Ohio Archaeological Council’s Board of Trustees recognizes that many in our professional community have experienced discrimination, hostile work environments, job discrimination, sexual harassment, or even assault at some point during the course of their professional lives. Such experiences can be devastating to our colleagues’ personal and professional lives and are unacceptable.
The Ohio Archaeological Council is committed to the ideal that archaeology should be a discipline and a career open to everyone regardless of sex, gender identity, ethnicity, age, or other factors unrelated to performance. Openness includes the necessity that no Ohio Archaeological Council member should ever, during the conduct of archaeological activities, be subjected to discrimination, a hostile work environment, harassment, assault, or other unwelcome verbal or physical misconduct. Moreover, the discipline of archaeology and our understanding of Ohio’s past benefits when a diversity of voices and perspectives are included in all aspects of archaeological research, from fieldwork to laboratory analyses to the dissemination of results, both to colleagues as well as to the general public.
Therefore, the Ohio Archaeological Council’s Board of Trustees approved the following changes to the Code of Ethics in its regular Board Meeting on March 2, 2018:
The Ohio Archaeological Council must ensure that its members “… conduct and communicate research with integrity, respect, fairness, trustworthiness, and transparency.”
As part of their responsibilities to his/her colleagues, an Ohio Archaeological Council member shall “take responsibility for creating and upholding a safe, open, and professional environment for learning, conducting, and communicating science with integrity, respect, fairness, trustworthiness, and transparency.”
Additionally, an Ohio Archaeological Council member shall not “engage in discrimination or harassment based on ethnic or national origin, race, religion, citizenship, language, political or other opinion, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability, physical appearance, age, or economic class.”
With these additions to our Code of Ethics, the Ohio Archaeological Council affirms its commitment to a diverse and inclusive workforce that is safe and welcoming to all who choose to pursue Ohio’s past.
For further background on these issues we refer you to the following references and resources:
American Anthropological Association
2017 A Call for Better Conduct in Field Research
Society for American Archaeology
“Statement on Sexual Harassment and Violence”:
“Background and Resource Guide for Addressing Harassment and Violence.”
American Geophysical Union
AGU Scientific integrity and professional ethics
Davidson, Eric, Robin Bell and Margaret Leinen
2017 A revised ethics policy: setting the bar high to end harassment in the sciences.
The updated Code of Ethics can be found on the Ohio Archaeological Council's web page at http://ohioarchaeology.org/about/code-of-ethics
- Adopted 03/02/2018
Below is a FINAL schedule of events and presentations for the upcoming OAC Spring Meeting.
To download the schedule Click Here
|Spring 2018 OAC Membership Meeting, May 18th, Blacklick Woods Metropark|
|9:30||N/A||Coffee & Pastries|
|10:00||Eric Olson||University of Akron||The Silver Lake Site|
|10:20||Kevin Schwarz||ASC Group||Woodland Period Settlement Succession in the Middle Scioto Valley: An Overview of Phase III Investigations of 33FR560, 33FR1303, and 33FR2349||Dawn Gagliano|
|10:40||Jarrod Burks||OVAI||Finding New Enclosure Sites in Old Aerial Photographs: Summarizing Results to Date— with an Update on the New Blacklick Woods Circle|
|11:20||Jarrod Burks||OVAI||Tour: New Earthworks in Blacklick Woods Metropark|
|11:40||Jarrod Burks||OVAI||Tour: New Earthworks in Blacklick Woods Metropark|
|12:00||N/A||Lunch on your own|
|12:20||N/A||Lunch on your own|
|1:40||Jonathan E. Bowen||Surface Collected Artifacts from Northern Central Ohio|
|2:00||Paul Pacheco||SUNY Geneseo||Ohio Hopewell in the Hinterlands: Archaeological Investigations at the Balthaser Home Site||DeeAnn Wymer, Jarrod Burks|
|2:20||Jamie Davis||OVAI||Mapping the Newark Octagon Complex takes a Step into the Future with Photogrammetry||Brad Lepper|
|3:00||Justin Zink||Lawhon & Associates||One Size Does Not Fit All: CRM and the Buckeye Lake Dam Rehabilitation Project|
|3:20||Andrew Sewell||Lawhon & Associates||Turning Coal into Diamonds: Salvage Archaeology of the Black Diamond Canal Boat|
|3:40||Krista Horrocks||Ohio SHPO||Going Beyond the OGSID: Researching Cemetery Locations|
The Ohio Archaeological Council is a private, non-profit corporation registered with the State of Ohio in 1975 as a charitable scientific and educational organization promoting the advancement of archaeology in Ohio. The Ohio Archaeological Council consists of professional archaeologists, avocational archaeologists, and interested students of Ohio archaeology. Membership is open to all persons and institutions with an interest in Ohio archaeology.
In 2018, the Ohio Archaeological Council will award one $750 field school scholarship to a students registered or enrolled in a 2018 archaeological field school operating within the State of Ohio. The Ohio Archaeological Council will consider applications from either undergraduate or graduate students participating in either academic or non-academic archaeological field schools. Applicants must be an active and registered student at a college or university. Students whose field school fees are already fully funded through tuition remission, grants, stipends, or other scholarships will not be considered.
There are three simple parts to the application process. The first is completion of an application form which solicits baseline information on the applicant. The second is a letter of support from the appropriate field school director outlining why they believe you should be considered for the scholarship. And, the third is submittal of a brief essay that outlines your research, aspirations, and scholarship need.
Please click on the link for a copy of the application form.
The Ohio History Fund is a competitive matching grant program for archaeology and history projects. Since the History Fund started in 2012, it’s made approximately 50 grants in more than 30 counties for a total of $448,000, including archaeological research, exhibit development, and site preservation. However, the Ohio History Fund has received more than 225 grant applications from 52 counties totaling $2.8 million in requests, proving that there is a great need for this grant program. The Ohio income tax check-off for the Ohio History Fund is main source of support for the grant program.
If you receive an Ohio income tax refund, you can donate all or part of it to the Ohio History Fund by writing in an amount on line 26c on your Ohio income tax return form. The goal for this year’s Ohio History Fund tax check-off is $88,000 (10% more than 2016). The more tax check-off donations the Fund receives in 2017, the more grants the program makes in 2018. Only non-profit organizations or government entities in Ohio can apply for grants.
Not receiving a refund? Other ways to support the History Fund: Ohio History “mastodon” license plate and direct, tax-deductible donations to the Ohio History Connection designated for the Ohio History Fund.
• Ohio History “mastodon” license plate, visit: http://bmv.ohio.gov/vr-sp-organization.aspx.
• To make a tax-deductible donation to the Ohio History Fund call 800.647.6921 for more information about making a gift.
To learn more, go to https://www.ohiohistory.org/preserve/local-history-services/historyfund.