History Fund grants were recently awarded on Statehood Day. According to The Local Historian (Vol. 36, March/April 2020), two of this year’s eight History Fund grants were for archaeology-related projects.
The Cincinnati Museum Center received $10,000 for the project “Rehabilitation of Deteriorated Storage Containers for Fort Ancient-age Artifacts.” The project will re-bag, retag, and reorganize artifacts in 194 boxes from four Fort Ancient village sites in the Cincinnati area. The original artifact bags from the 1930s-1950s, with accompanying field notes, are made of brown paper or plastic and are unstable. The old containers are in danger of rupturing and spilling their culturally significant contents, thereby losing associations and notes from field studies. The project preserves the artifacts and their notes by rehousing the artifacts in archivally safe containers and re-recording the notes on stable formats. Without this project, information about the cultures who created these objects could be lost. This well-planned project, managed by the applicant’s curator of archaeology and conducted by its NAGPRA coordinator and tribal liaison, is urgent.
The Fort Recovery Historical Society received $8,303 for the project “Digital Exhibit of Fort Recovery Historical Society’s Precontact Collection,” a Story Map app. The project will enable the society to share more engaging information about artifacts of American Indian life before Europeans arrived. The app will include photos, 3D scans, videos, timeline, and cultural context for more than 1,000 objects society’s Precontact collection. Moreover, the app will provide access to this collection for both visitors and non-visitors. The project is a collaboration between the Fort Recovery Historical Society and Applied Anthropology Laboratories at Ball State University. Once complete, the app will be freely available on the websites of the Fort Recovery Historical Society and Applied Anthropology Laboratories.
The Ohio History Connection’s History Fund grant program is one of the few grant programs in the state just for archaeology, history, and preservation projects, and it needs your help to make more grants. If you receive a refund on your Ohio income taxes, please consider donating a portion of it to the “Ohio History Fund” tax “check-off,” line 26f on your state tax return.
The Ohio History Fund has made 10 archaeology-related grants since it was established in 2012, totaling more than $100,000. These have included surveys and studies of ice-age sites in northeast Ohio by the Cleveland Museum of Natural History and Kent State University (2013, 2015, 2018), studies Hopewell period ceramic and stone artifacts at the University of Akron (2017), and exhibit upgrades at SunWatch Village in Dayton (2014, 2017).
Click here for a list of all grant recipients.
Your donation and those of your friends, relatives, and thousands of others makes possible grants for local history projects throughout Ohio. Since the Ohio History Fund started in 2012, it has made 81 grants in 40 counties for a total of $780,469 (as of February 2019). Proving that there is a great need for the History Fund, it has received 388 grant applications from 66 counties, totaling almost $4.7 million in requests!
Not receiving a tax refund? You can still help: buy an Ohio History mastodon license plate. Twenty dollars from the sale of each set of plates benefits the Ohio History Fund grant program.
Applications for next year’s History Fund grants will posted in June. The deadline for proposals fall in late August - early September. For more on application availability and grant deadlines, see “How does my organization apply for an Ohio History Fund grant?” by clicking here.
Al Tonetti, Chair
Andy Sewell, Lauren Sieg, and Mike Striker, Committee Members
Ohio Underground Damage Prevention Coalition.
Subcommittees of the coalition continue to meet discussing possible changes to Ohio’s “call before you dig”/underground utilities protection law. Subcommittees will report their findings and make recommendations to the Coalition early next year.
Human Burial Places Protection Bill.
On June 11, State Representatives Gary Scherer (R-Circleville) and Bill Seitz (R-Cincinnati) held an interested party meeting to discuss the bill. Among the groups in attendance were the Archaeological Society of Ohio, Ohio Farm Bureau, and Ohio Realtors Association. They expressed opposition to the draft bill. Based on some of the objections raised, revisions to the draft bill have been proposed and the OAC and Ohio History Connection/State Historic Preservation Office (OHC/SHPO) continue to work with the state representatives and the Legislative Service Commission on it.
Archaeology Guidelines Update.
SHPO continues to work on revisions, hopefully developing a draft next year. SHPO wants to make the revised guidelines more user-friendly and easily updated on their website with links to best practices and other useful documents. New guidelines on geophysical survey, photogrammetry, tribal consultation and NAGPRA, human remains, submerged resources, and integration with the history/architecture guidelines are the focus.
History Fund Update.
In 2019, the Ohio History Fund has raised $97,034, slightly ahead of this time last year. Last year netted $99,119. The History Fund grant application deadline was September 4. Since 2012, the History Fund has made more than $690,000 in grants to 73 organizations in nearly half of Ohio's 88 counties. The History Fund has received 347 grant applications totaling almost $4.2 million in requests. Applications for archaeological projects are encouraged.
Will occur on Wednesday, February 26, 2020. An initial planning meeting was held on October 2. Capital improvements and the human burial places bill will be among the legislative priorities.
Tribal Nations Conference.
Will occur October 22-24. OHC/SHPO will update the tribes on the human burial places legislation.
Wyandot Mission Church and Cemetery.
Recently, the United Methodist Global Ministries returned ownership of/deeded three acres of land containing the mission church and cemetery in Upper Sandusky, Wyandot County, to the Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma. In 1843, the Wyandotte deeded the land to the Missionary Society of the Methodist Church, the forerunner to today's United Methodist Global Ministries, to protect it when the federal government removed the tribe from Ohio. State Rep. Riordan McClain (R-Upper Sandusky) read a commendation from his colleagues in the statehouse.
In June the House passed the 2020 Interior-Environment funding bill. It includes $121.66 million for the Historic Preservation Fund, a $19 million increase over last year and $89 million more than President Trump requested. Funds include:
The full Senate has yet to pass the bill, but the Senate Appropriations Committee generally reduces the increase in funding in these program areas. Differences will be resolved in conference. The Federal Government is again operating under a continuing resolution. Congress and the President will have to negotiate a deal to keep the Federal Government open beyond November 21.
S. 2430, Paving the Way for Rural Communities of 2019 Act.
Recently, Senators Blackburn (R-TN), Perdue (R-GA), and Hyde-Smith (R-MS) introduced S. 2430. The bill would remove compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act, and the National Historic Preservation Act for federally funded projects or activities in any area of the country that is not part of a metropolitan statistical area (MSA). In Ohio, this would remove compliance in 50 of Ohio’s 88 counties, all of them rural. S. 2430 was referred to the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. No hearings on the bill have occurred. We will work with our partners at the federal level, particularly the Coalition for American Heritage and the Society for American Archaeology, in opposing this bill.
H.R. 1179, African American Burial Grounds Network Act.
Introduced on February 13, 2019, the bill has 42 cosponsors including Ohio Reps. Balderson (R-Troy), Beatty (D-Columbus), Fudge (D-Cuyahoga and Summit counties), and Turner (R-Dayton). In May the House Natural Resources Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands held a hearing on the bill. It would create within the National Park Service the African American Burial Grounds Network that would:
In June, the OAC joined 72 other local, state, and national organizations, including six from Ohio, in a letter of support for the bill to the Subcommittee and the House Committee on Natural Resources.
H.R. 3846/S. 2165, Safeguard Tribal Objects of Patrimony (STOP) Act.
Bipartisan bills to explicitly bar and establish penalties for knowingly exporting Native American cultural items that were obtained in violation of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, the Archaeological Resources Protection Act, or both. The bills have been referred to the House Natural Resources, Judiciary, and Foreign Affairs Committees; and the Senate Indian Affairs Committee, respectively. The House bill has 15 cosponsors, none from Ohio. Recently, a hearing on the bill was held by the House Natural Resources Subcommittee for Indigenous Peoples of the United States. The Senate bill has 9 cosponsors, none from Ohio. It has not had a hearing.
Judge Barker House: USACE project, Washington County. Archaeology at the NRHP-listed building has been completed without finding anything of significance. There is ongoing consultation between the USACE, SHPO, local, state, and national preservation organizations, state and federal legislators, and others concerning the project. Relocation of the property is no longer being considered. Transfer of ownership of the building to a local nonprofit organization is likely. The OAC will be a concurring party on the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) regarding the property.
Maumee River Bridge: USACE/ODOT project, Henry County. The MOA has been executed and data recovery completed at site 33HY167. The Miami Tribe is an invited signatory on the MOA; the OAC and Eastern Shawnee Tribe are concurring parties. The MOA included a stipulation to prepare an article about the archaeological investigations for an unspecified peer-reviewed journal.
Zoar Levee and Diversion Dam repair: USACE project, Tuscarawas County. Consultation on impacts to the Zoar Historic District, a National Historic Landmark. The USACE and their archaeological consultants have conducted archaeological investigations in the project area. The Phase 1 survey report including geomorphological, geophysical, deep trenching, and shovel test pit investigations will be reviewed in the next few weeks. No direct impacts to archaeological sites are foreseen. A Programmatic Agreement (PA) was executed in 2016. Tonetti attended a consulting party meeting in Zoar on October 17.
Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath: USACE project, Summit County. Mitigation of adverse effects to 33SU679, an intact portion of original towpath, have been completed. We are a concurring party on the MOA.
Gorge Metro Park Dam: USEPA project, Summit County (Metro Parks). Removal of Gorge Dam in Cuyahoga River. The OAC submitted comments on reports addressing the identification of historic properties. We are a consulting party on the project.
Wayne National Forest Plan Revision: Tonetti continues to participate in monthly conference calls. The assessment of current conditions phase of the revision is to be finalized this winter, with the planning development phase and Environmental Impact Statement completion scheduled for 2021.
Universal Charitable Deduction Legislation: Representatives Chris Smith (R-NJ) and Henry Cuellar (D-TX) again introduced legislation (H.R. 651, the Charitable Giving Tax Deduction Act) creating a universal charitable deduction, i.e., available to all taxpayers. It was assigned to the House Ways and Means Committee. Ohio Rep. Turner (R-Dayton) is one of 22 cosponsors. In addition, Rep. Danny Davis (D-IL), a member of the Ways and Means Committee, recently introduced H.R. 1260 to amend the IRS Code for the same purpose. The amount of charitable contributions would not be capped under the bills. They would make charitable deductions universal and above-the-line, meaning that all taxpayers can deduct charitable donations from their taxes whether they itemize or not. The Republican’s 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act resulted in a 1.1% decline in charitable donations by low- and moderate-income individuals. The OAC is a non-profit charitable corporation registered with the state of Ohio. The OAC is an exempt organization as described in 26 U.S.C. Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, Employee Identification Number 51-0176494, and is eligible to receive tax-deductible donations to the extent allowed under applicable law.
The Fall Meeting of the Ohio Archaeological Council will be held at the Cedar Ridge Lodge at Battelle Darby Creek Metro Park on Friday, October 18th from 9:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. The schedule for the meeting and the abstracts of the papers to be presented are below. We hope you will be able to join us for this opportunity to learn about Ohio’s Call Before You Dig law, and new findings in Ohio Archaeology.
|9:30||OAC||Coffee and Donuts|
|10:00||OUPS||Call Before You Dig Training|
|11:00||OAC||OAC Business meeting|
|12:00||Lunch||On your own (maps provided)|
Seaman’s Fort Excavations
The Seaman’s Fort site is situated on a bluff top near the confluence of the west branch of the Huron River and Hunt Creek in Erie County, Ohio. The approximately 2 acre site is characterized by a descending “hog-back” narrow crest between the Hunt Creek and Huron River flood plains below on the southeast and a restricted ”bottleneck” access to the northwest. The Northeast and southwest limits of the site are characterized by 25 meter drop-offs to the river and creek bottoms below. The northwest access has three parallel earthworks that are 31-34 meters in length and one to two meters high extending nearly fully across the access but for a small opening along the northeast. The earthworks have ditches between them. Likewise there were three smaller earthworks to the southeast. The site is lightly forested and was never plowed. It was used as an orchard at one time and a grazing area at another time. Past investigations are summarized, and recent investigations reported.
Non-Profit Archaeology in Greater Akron
The 501c3 non-profit Stewards of Historical Preservation (SHiP) has been operating in the Akron area for two years. Eric Olson, president of SHiP, will review the challenges and needs in the Akron community that have come to light in the short time the organization has existed. Challenges include fundraising, educational outreach, public engagement, and volunteer recruitment. The challenges SHiP has faced are not unique, but nonetheless are a learning experience.
Evidence of Hopewell Feasting in a Non-Mound Context
Sean Coughlin and Tim Everhart
Excavations at the North 40 Site (33Ro338) have uncovered evidence of a large structure associated with evidence of craft production on the outskirts of Mound City. Three pit features outside the structure were excavated and the debris, raw materials, and tools of crafting were documented within. One feature, Pit 3, also contained potential evidence of a feasting event based on the ceramic and paleoethnobotanical assemblage. This presentation presents the results of the analysis of the faunal remains of the feature and how they further support the evidence of a feast in a non-mound context.
With the help of approximately 800 individuals and organizations, Fortified Hill has been acquired. The property will be owned by Pyramid Hill Sculpture Park and Museum https://www.pyramidhill.org/fortified-hill-earthwork through the Harry T. Wilks Family Foundation. The purchase price for the four tracts totaling 186 acres is about $1.5 million, about $500,000 of which was raised by small and large donations including $100,000 from The Archaeological Conservancy (TAC), $50,000 from Three Valley Conservation Trust (3VCT), and $15,000 from Heartland Earthworks Conservancy (HEC). TAC and 3VCT will hold archaeological and natural resource easements, respectively. HEC will conduct geophysical surveys at the site to aid in its conservation and interpretation. Fortified Hill Park will eventually include trails, signage, and educational materials so that the public can learn about this significant earthwork, already listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
We recently learned that Fortified Hill, a Hopewell hilltop enclosure near Hamilton, Ohio, is going up for public auction on September 28! Much like our successful effort to save the Junction Earthworks in Ross County a few years ago, you can help save it by pledging a donation today to the Archaeological Conservancy’s effort to preserve it. Located between Dayton and Cincinnati, this area is booming in industrial and housing development. With its sweeping views of the Great Miami River Valley, Fortified Hill could be lost to development unless we and others working to save it can raise a few hundred thousand dollars to help acquire it. The earthwork’s mounds and most of the embankments remain visible above the surface, including its rather enigmatic south and east gateways. A growing coalition of organizations and private individuals is working feverishly to save the site. Follow this link to the Archaeological Conservancy’s website and make your pledge now…and perhaps on your next visit to the area you can stop off at the Fortified Hill site, walk its paths, and see for yourself what your contribution helped save!