Al Tonetti, Chair
Brad Lepper, Jeff Reichwein, and Marilyn Orr, Committee Members
Ohio General Assembly. The General Assembly is considering two bills of interest. The thrust of both bills was incorporated into HB 153, the state’s two-year operating budget (July 2011-June 2013). HB 153 passed the House on May 5 and is now before the Senate. The two bills are HB 104, providing an individual income tax check off on Ohio’s income tax form funding an OHS-administered grant program, and HB133/SB108, permitting oil and natural gas drilling on state land. The OAC testified in favor of HB 104 in the House, and against HB 133/SB108 in the House and Senate. The OAC is not opposed to oil and gas drilling on state land. We oppose HB 133/SB 108 because neither bill considers the impact of the industry on archaeological resources. We submitted language to the House Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee to amend HB 133 so that impacts to archaeological resources are considered. It was not included in HB 153, and it is unlikely the Senate will do so as it considers the budget bill. A substitute/amended HB 133 should be released next week. Whether or not it contains language as we suggested remains to be seen, but if it does not we may have to plead with ODNR to include such language when they write rules governing oil and gas drilling in state parks, but we are not optimistic about being successful if that is the route we need to take. ODNR has previously told the OAC and the OHPO that they will not consider impacts on archaeological resources unless the General Assembly expressly permits them to do so. Following our testimony, OHPO met with the sponsors of HB 133/SB108. OHPO did not seem optimistic about getting language in HB 153 that would consider the impacts of drilling on cultural resources. The Ohio Environmental Council (OEC) also discussed the OAC’s concerns in their testimony opposing drilling on state land. The OAC is a member of the OEC.
HB 153 also includes small ($60,000) increases in funding for the OHPO and OHS’ education and collections division, while cutting OHS’ outreach and partnership line item from $490,000 to $90,000, most of which OHS hopes to make up from private revenue sources. Although the amount of contributions to the new income tax check off are uncertain, other annual income tax check off returns (ODNR wildlife and natural areas, and military injury relief) range from $300,000 to $600,000. Hopefully, the Governor will not line item veto the OHS income tax check off, and we will begin to see grants to local and statewide history, archaeology, and historic preservation organizations next year.
Statehood Day 2011 (Tuesday, March 1). Due to protests at the Statehouse on March 1concerning SB 5, the bill gutting collective bargaining for Ohio’s public employees, Statehood Day was cancelled.
Legislative Commission on the Education and Preservation of State History.
Sen. Widener may introduce a bill incorporating some of the recommendations contained in the Commission’s final report (issued September 1, 2010) later this year. Recommendations of interest to the archaeological community include:
· Creating an OHS income tax check-off, generating revenue for a local history grant program.
· Creating an “Ohio History” license plate generating revenue for local history programs.
· Creating a task force to study issues dealing with Ohio’s prehistoric and historic cemeteries.
· Governor should issue an Executive Order directing state agencies to work with the Ohio Historic Preservation Office to identify, evaluate, and protect state-owned historic properties, but mandatory reviews of state actions should not be required.
· Repealing Ohio Revised Sections dealing with designating archaeological and historical landmarks.
· Next capital improvements budget should include funds for OHS to build a new collections storage facility.
Revise Ohio’s call-before-you-dig law. SB 152 died in last year’s Senate Energy and Public Utilities Committee. It has not been reintroduced. Last year we were promised by the President and Executive Director of the Ohio Utilities Protection Service that the OAC would be invited to participate in future discussions about the matter. We have not heard anything more about this matter. SB 152 would have placed archaeologists working in Ohio in jeopardy of being classified as “habitual or willful non-compliers” and subject to fines of $10,000 per violation for violating notification and marking protocols of excavations, regardless of their depth.
Section 106 Consulting Party. The OAC is a consulting party on a number of projects including a sewer project in Chillicothe that will likely affect the remnants of the Adena Mound. A meeting about this project was held at OHPO last Friday and will be reported on elsewhere during the business meeting. Another Section 106 project which we have been consulting on is improvement of restrooms at Serpent Mound. Consulting on these projects primarily concerns commenting on research designs for archaeological investigations.
OSM/ODNR/OHPO AML PA. The OAC submitted comments on renewal of the PA governing the impacts of AML actions on archaeological resources. Our comments urged amending the PA by providing meaningful ways for the public and other consulting parties to participate in the review process, by including open bidding for the hiring of AML qualified professionals, by replacing the project summary form with a survey report meeting OHPO’s 1994 Archaeology Guidelines, and by making sure that all AML projects are performed by qualified professionals, not by unqualified project officers. We have yet to receive a reply.
ACRA CRM Day. Recently, Al Tonetti went to Capitol Hill with other ACRA members to discuss the importance of Section 106. The group met with approximately 50 Representatives and Senators and/or their aides. ACRA is planning a local CRM Day during the Congressional recess in August. It is critical that all CRM firms and their employees participate in this effort, as Section 106 is increasingly threatened in Congress, particularly in the House. Efforts are underway to exempt certain federal projects or types of projects from compliance with Section 106. There are many ways Section 106 can be undermined without actually repealing Section 106 of the NHPA.
SAA Government Affairs. Recently, Al Tonetti was appointed to the SAA’s Government Affairs Committee. One emphasis of the SAA’s GAC will be to work more closely at the state and local level to address concerns with government policy and actions affecting archaeology. If you know of a state or local issue that you think the SAA could/should help with, contact me. A number of state governments are trying to cut the authority of government agencies to regulate activities adversely effecting archaeological resources. This trend is likely to continue for the near future as governments look to rid themselves, and private industry, from regulations seen as unnecessary.
Baker will be in Morgantown from April 10 through 15, providing guest lectures to classes, a luncheon colloquium in the College of Human Resources and Education, attending a student meet-and-greet in the Division of Forestry and presenting a public lecture. The lecture is set for Tuesday, April 12 at 5:00 p.m. in Room G15 Life Sciences Building on the downtown campus. A reception in his honor begins at 4:30. The lecture and reception are free and open to the public.
View the flier.
“Thanks to support from the West Virginia Division of Culture and History and others, this year’s Elder-in-Residence activities include a one-day symposium that’s an exciting regional outreach program for cultural resource management and public history professionals,” said Native American Studies Program Coordinator Bonnie Brown.
Baker will take part in the symposium, “Telling the Stories: American Indian Interpretation in the Trans-Allegheny Region,” on April 13th at the Grave Creek Mound Archaeological Complex auditorium in Moundsville, W.Va. The others presenters and their discussion topics for the symposium will be:
At 3:00 p.m. the auditorium will open to the public for Baker’s keynote address.
Baker worked for the National Park Service for 31 of his 34 years with the federal government. He spent a three year stint with the United States Forest Service, during which time he served as an assistant district ranger. With the National Park Service, he worked as Superintendent of the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail from 2000 to 2004. In that position, he managed the trails across 19 states and the traveling exhibit “Corps of Discovery II: 200 Years to the Future.”
Baker was also the Superintendent of Mount Rushmore National Memorial from 2004 until his retirement in 2010. There, he managed more than 1200 acres of land that attract almost three million visitors, annually. For three months, from April to July 2010, he also served as the Assistant Director for American Indian Relations of the National Park Service in Washington, D.C.
Now retired, he lives in the Black Hills of North Dakota with his wife, Mary Kay. He now has more time to focus on his hobbies, which include researching Northern Plains trade, American Indian history, studying the oral history of the Northern Plains and traditional crafts such as brain tanning.
The following have generously helped sponsor the 2011 Elder-in-Residence activities:
West Virginia University’s Eberly College of Arts and Sciences, the Carolyn Reyer Endowment for Native American Studies, the WVU Division of Forestry-Recreation, Parks, and Tourism Resources Program, the WVU Department of History-Cultural Resource Management Program, the West Virginia Division of Culture and History, Fort Necessity National Battlefield, and the WVU College of Human Resources and Education-Office for Diversity and Global Initiatives.
A new non-profit organization has formed to preserve and research prehistoric earthworks in southern Ohio. The mission of the Heartland Earthworks Conservancy http://www.earthworksconservancy.org/ is to:
Advance the preservation and protection of prehistoric earthwork sites in southern Ohio.
Acquire real estate and conservation easements for the purpose of preserving ancient earthworks.
Manage prehistoric earthworks to preserve cultural, archaeological and natural integrity.
Educate the public about prehistoric earthworks, their importance and how to protect them.
Sponsor and conduct scientific surveys of prehistoric earthworks.
Support and partner with other organizations with compatible missions.
The tax-exempt status of Heartland Earthworks Conservancy is pending with the IRS. If you would like to make a contribution to its mission, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. They will contact you when their nonprofit status is in place. All staff are volunteers and can always use more help. Please contact them if you are interested in volunteering your time and talents toward earthworks conservation.
Dr. Jarrod Burks, Director of Archaeological Geophysics Ohio Valley Archaeology, Inc.
Dr. William S. Dancey, Emeritus Associate Professor of Anthropology, Ohio State University
Robert Genheimer, George Rieveschl Curator of Archaeology, Cincinnati Museum Center
Prof. John E. Hancock, Professor of Architecture, University of Cincinnati, Project Co-Director, The Ancient Ohio Trail
Bruce J. Lombardo, Founder, Heartland Earthworks Conservancy, Former Site Manager, Serpent Mound State Memorial
Dean K. Alexander, Former Superintendent, Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
Dr. Bradley T. Lepper, Curator of Archaeology, Ohio Historical Society
Dr. Jarrod Burks has a long and diverse history as an Ohio archaeologist, although it may surprise some to find out that he is actually a native of Illinois. After completing his B.A. in Anthropology from the University of Illinois-Urbana, Jarrod came to Ohio as a graduate student at The Ohio State University in 1994. He earned his M.A. in 1996 and completed his PhD in 2004 with a dissertation on household archaeology at the Strait site in central Ohio. While completing his PhD, Jarrod served for many years as a technician and collections manager for Hopewell Culture National Historic Park. After graduation, Jarrod has primarily worked as the Director of Geophysical Surveys for Ohio Valley Archaeology, Inc. In 1998, Jarrod married his wife Susie, who may be one of the most supportive and understanding spouses an archaeologist could ever have.
Jarrod has been and remains one of the most prolific archaeologists in Ohio and his experiences and accomplishments are perhaps some of the most varied imaginable. He has worked for extended terms of service for universities, a museum, the federal government, and culture resource management.
As an educator, Jarrod has served as an instructor for several university courses at The Ohio State University and Hocking College, workshops for the National Park Service and the National Center for Preservation Technology, and countless lectures and workshops in Ohio and beyond. As a researcher, he has published nearly two dozen refereed journal articles or book chapters, and of course, wrote his dissertation. He has published two dozen newsletter articles; has delivered 66 conference papers at a variety of local, regional, and national conferences; served as the primary author of 65 technical reports; co-authored or contributed to another 19 reports; and is one of the most recognizable faces and names in Ohio archaeology in recent years. Jarrod has held several volunteer positions, most notably President-Elect of the Ohio Archaeological Council and is currently serving as President.
Jarrod’s greatest contribution has been his application of geophysical prospecting within the context of Ohio archaeology. He is skilled in the use of multiple geophysical methods, including magnetometry, electrical resistance, ground penetrating radar, magnetic susceptibility (and probably others that the rest of us haven’t even heard of yet!) He has walked hundreds (probably more than a thousand now?) of kilometers for geophysical surveys through every variation of lovely and miserable conditions. Jarrod has truly been a pioneer of new technology and is certainly one of the most experienced geophysical specialists in the United States, if not the world.
He has provided new and significant information about the Junction Group, Carlisle Fort, Steel Group, the Reinhardt site, Shriver, Fort Ancient (including the discovery of Moorehead Circle), the Circle at the Hopewell site, and many others. He has revealed previously unknown features at well-studied sites, but has also found entire sites and earthworks that have never been recorded and would not have been likely to have ever been found without his efforts. He has conducted geophysics on sites in other states and countries, and served as a consultant on forensic work with police departments. He has ventured as far as any archaeologist could in search of more data, even risking getting Rob Cook shanked by prison inmates.
Jarrod’s work has not just yielded new data, but new ideas and methods. For example, his use of magnetic susceptibility instrumentation to conduct distributional studies is unique and especially valuable. In short, Jarrod Burks has brought Ohio archaeology into the 21st century through his introduction of geophysics as an integral part of our research. Jarrod has made a major contribution to Ohio archaeology and to our knowledge base.
His most definitive and admirable traits are his generosity and his passion for helping others. He has spent hundreds of his weekends and personal days conducting surveys and research for virtually every archaeologist in the state. There is a very long list of people whom are indebted to Jarrod for his extensive and tireless service to his peers and to the public.
For these accomplishments, Jarrod Burks is awarded the OAC’s Scholarship Award.
Established in 1980, The Archaeological Conservancy is the only national, non-profit membership organization solely dedicated to acquiring and preserving important and endangered archaeological sites. It has acquired 400 sites in at least 39 states, including 22 sites in Ohio. Based in Albuquerque, New Mexico, the Conservancy also operates regional offices in Mississippi, Maryland, Ohio, and California.
The Conservancy’s funds come from their more than 23,000 members, individual contributions, corporations, and foundations. Income from a permanent Endowment Fund supplements regular fundraising. Money is often raised locally to purchase sites in a community. In emergency situations, funds are borrowed from a revolving Preservation Fund. In 2008 the Conservancy had more than $25 million in net assets.
Charity Navigator, a web-based organization that evaluates and ranks charities, gives the Conservancy its highest (“exceptional”) rating, meaning it exceeds industry standards and outperforms most charities of a similar nature. In fact, ninety-one percent of funds raised by the Conservancy go to programs, five percent to fundraising, and four percent to administration.
Clearly, The Archaeological Conservancy meets the criteria of having made a significant contribution to the advancement of archaeology in Ohio through the acquisition and protection of 22 important archaeological sites. But it also raises public awareness about archaeological sites by conducting the “Ohio Mound Builder’s” tour, by sponsoring public outreach lectures (e.g., Cleveland Lecture Series), by providing outreach opportunities on the sites that they own, and by producing its magazine American Archaeology, which has featured a number of articles on Ohio archaeology.
In Ohio, the Conservancy has focused on the acquisition of Woodland period mounds and earthworks, including portions of Hopewell Mound Group and High Bank Works in Ross County, the Davis Group in Hocking County, and the Great Mound in Butler County—the latter of which is one of Ohio’s tallest. While some of their Ohio acquisitions have been transferred to other organizations for preservation, like the National park Service, the Conservancy maintains control of most of the properties it acquires.
Notably, in 2007, the Conservancy played a prominent role in the acquisition of the Spruce Hill Earthworks. With a loan from The Conservation Fund, the Conservancy provided half the funds to purchase the site just days before it went to auction.
In 1989, The Archaeological Conservancy received a Preservation Merit award from the Ohio Historic Preservation Office for preserving prehistoric archaeological sites in Ohio through acquisition. The Ohio Archaeological Council would like to continue to recognize the Conservancy and its commitment to helping preserve Ohio’s past by presenting the Conservancy with our organization’s Board of Director’s award. And we’d especially like to thank Paul Gardner for his continued work as an agent of the Conservancy and as an advocate for Ohio archaeological preservation.
Dr. Mark F. Seeman for his public education work and consensus building that enabled the nomination of the May 4, 1970, Kent State Shootings Site in Kent to the National Register of Historic Places
Dr. Mark F. Seeman, Dr. Jerry M. Lewis, Dr. Carole A. Barbato, and Dr. Laura L. Davis for preparing exemplary documentation to nominate the May 4, 1970, Kent State Shootings Site in Kent to the National Register of Historic Places