This publication contains thirteen papers describing the Late Prehistoric time period (ca. A.D. 1000-1650) and sites of Ohio and surrounding states.
The Late Prehistoric period in Ohio and surrounding regions was a time of great changes in subsistence, settlement, and social structure. Maize and other cultigens became the staple food, populations became sedentary — living in villages, and previously egalitarian societies developed social mechanisms and often social hierarchies to cope with these broad changes. Unfortunately, this evolution of Native American settlement and culture was interrupted and forever altered by the arrival in what is now America of Europeans beginning at the end of the Fifteenth Century. Cultures Before Contact attempts to capture Native American settlement and describe important sites prior to the point of European contact.
Cultures Before Contact provides to both archaeologists and the interested public the great variety in Native American cultures that existed in the Ohio region during the last millennium. Twenty authors present original articles on regional cultural overviews, settlement and subsistence, and important Late Prehistoric sites. Regional overviews span much of Ohio and surrounding regions including the Late Woodland and Indian Hills Phase groups of northwest Ohio and southern Michigan; Whittlesey Tradition groups of northeast Ohio; Monongahela communities of eastern Ohio, southwestern Pennsylvania, western Maryland, and northern West Virginia; and Fort Ancient cultures of southern Ohio and northern and north-central Kentucky. Cultures Before Contact attempts to capture Native American settlement and describe important sites prior to the point of European contact. Robert A. Genheimer is the Archaeological Collections Manager at the Geier Collections and Research Facility of the Cincinnati Museum Center.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Robert A. Genheimer
Section One: Regional Overviews and Cultural Development
Section Two: Sites
Section Three: Commentary