OAC Spring Membership Meeting Program

May 16, 2003

The OAC Spring 2003 meeting will be held on Friday, May 16 in the Auditorium at the Ohio Historical Center, Columbus. Prior to the start of the meeting there will be coffee and donuts available in the archaeology classroom adjacent to the auditorium.

Ghosts of the Gray Literature: Presentations of CRM Archaeology

Program

10:00 Introductory remarks by President Brian Redmond
      Program introduction by Robert Riordan, Program Chair

10:05 Albert M. Pecora and Jarrod Burks, Ohio Valley Archaeological Consultants, Ltd., Columbus, OH
      Using geophysics on Phase II projects ... why in the world isn't everyone doin' it?

10:25 Andrew R. Sewell, Hardlines Design Company, Columbus, OH
      Excavations at a late nineteenth century brick factory: the Harmony Brickworks at 36AL480, Leetsdale, Pennsylvania

10:45 Craig S. Keener, Professional Archaeological Services Team, Columbus, OH
      The Clarkson Mine, new applications at Adena, and recent findings at 33DL315, a Middle Woodland period upland encampment

11:10 Business Meeting, President Brian Redmond

Lunch, on your own

1:40 Duane Simpson, AMEC, Louisville, KY and Steve Martin, Hardlines Design Co.
      Magnetometer results from sites 33LE396 and 33LE403 and their implications for improved integration of geophysical techniques into Ohio archaeology

2:00 ASC Group, Inc., Columbus, OH (multiple presenters)
      Archaeological investigations associated with five CRM projects (see abstract)

3:00 Adjournment



Abstracts

Albert M. Pecora, Ohio Valley Archaeological Consultants, Ltd., Columbus, OH and Jarrod Burks, National Park Service , Chillicothe, OH
Using geophysics on Phase II projects ... why in the world isn't everyone doin' it?

Over the past year Ohio Valley Archaeological Consultants, Ltd. has conducted geophysical surveys in advance of Phase II site assessment studies. This presentation focuses on magnetic data collected from several Ohio sites. Using the FM36 Fluxgate Gradiometer, we have identified a variety of archaeological features at both historic-era and prehistoric sites. Traditional hand excavation methods were then used to expose and document the features. Our results demonstrate that geophysics is an absolutely essential component of Phase II site assessment research. Not only do magnetic data add an additional layer of information across the site, but they are also useful for project planning and they obviate the need for heavy equipment. Geophysical survey is a much more "resource friendly" method for assessing site significance. The ability to pinpoint subsurface features for testing allows for the preservation of larger portions of the site. So, if geophysical survey is fast, efficient, and less damaging to the resource we are trying to protect, why isn't everybody doing it?



Andrew Sewell, Hardlines Design Company, Columbus, OH
Excavations at a late nineteenth century brick factory: the Harmony Brickworks at 36AL480, Leetsdale, Pennsylvania

Hardlines Design was contracted to investigate a nineteenth century brickworks site as a Phase III data recovery project in November-December 2000 and March -April 2001 by the Pittsburgh District Corps of Engineers. The Harmony Brickworks was an industrial brick factory owned by the Harmony Society and operated in Leetsdale, Pennsylvania between 1890 and 1901. Numerous elements of the brick factory's massive dry floor complex were encountered, as well as parts of the kilns on site and sparse remnants of an earlier brickworks that existed on the site. The project provided an illuminating glimpse into industrial brick production at the end of the nineteenth century.



Craig S. Keener, Professional Archaeological Services Team, Columbus, OH
The Clarkson Mine, new applications at Adena, and recent findings at 33DL315, a Middle Woodland period upland encampment

This presentation highlights three significant archaeological projects conducted by Professional Archaeological Services team (PAST) over the past three years. Three archaeological sites (the Adena Estate, the Clarkson Mine (33BL333), and site 33DL1315) are presented and the findings summarized. At Adena, new interpretations of artifact distributions are presented. The Clarkson Mine represents the first Phase III mitigation of a historic coal mine complex in Ohio and highlights the potential of traditional historical archaeology in an industrial landscape. Site 33DL1315 is an upland ceramic and lithic deposit containing Archaic and Woodland components. The site may represent a possible base camp, and C-14 dates of two features suggest occupation during the Middle Woodland and Late Prehistoric periods. Remote sensing data and distribution maps of the artifact classes recovered at the site and ongoing work are presented.



Duane Simpson, AMEC, Louisville, KY
Steve Martin, Hardlines Design Company, Columbus, OH
Magnetometer results from sites 33Le396 and 33Le403 and their implications for improved integration of geophysical techniques into Ohio archeology

The ODOT Office of Environmental Services has begun a concerted effort to incorporate geophysical investigations into testing and mitigation of archeological sites, placing it at the forefront of a developing field in CRM. Recent excavations at two sites, 33Le396 and 33Le403, along the proposed improvements of S.R. 7 in Lawrence County, Ohio, had magnetometer surveys completed prior to Phase III mitigation. While the surveys proved partially effective, modifications to the Data Recovery Plan could have afforded a greater impact on the mitigation of the site. These surveys can therefore be used as a basis to discuss the incorporation of geophysical surveys into archeological projects.



ASC Group, Inc., Columbus, OH
Archaeological investigations associated with five CRM projects

ASC Group will present summaries of archaeological investigations concerning the following projects or sites: Data recovery at 33DL27, an early Late Woodland habitation in Delaware County excavated prior to road construction for the City of Westerville; data recovery at 33FR560, an early Late Woodland habitation in Franklin County excavated prior to construction at the city of Columbus' Southerly Wastewater Treatment Plant; deep testing in the Scioto River floodplain at the city of Columbus' Southerly Wastewater Treatment Plant; data recovery at three Late Archaic/Early Woodland sites prior to the relocation of State Route 16 in Muskingum County for the Longaberger Company; survey and assessment at sites in Jackson County for a power plant and well field.

 

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