As part of a larger project, Scale and Community in Hopewell Networks (SCHoN), we submitted a series of 19 dates from seven Scioto Valley Hopewell sites. The larger project focuses on attribute analysis and source identification of copper, ceramic, and lithic artifacts. Our first batch of dates begin to shake up previous narratives on the arc of Hopewell history. Here we present raw measurements and calibrated dates with minimal commentary. Future work will delve into the meaning of these and another batch of dates yet to be submitted. We submitted our dates to the CAIS laboratory at the University of Georgia for AMS analysis.
We dated material from Ater (A3062), Harness (A7), Ginther (A1020), Tremper (A125), Brown’s Bottom #1 (BB), Lady’s Run (LR), and Balthaser (BH). The raw measurements their context and the material dated are presented in Table 1. The radiocarbon years range from 2160 BP to 1710 BP. All materials dated are expected to have a high degree of association with the event of interest with the possible exception of curated objects staying in circulation decades after they were originally made. Following the scoring system of Nolan (2012), these dates would all range between a score of 3.5 to 6.5. These are all above the take-at-face-value threshold of 3. It should be noted that bark was not considered in the original scheme and is here included in the small wood category when it may be more appropriate to place it in the same category as nuts and nutshell, or possibly the "plant" category, as it only represents a short period of growth.