Millions and Millions of Flakes: Preliminary Results from The Barnyard Site, Stubbs Earthwork Complex
Robert A. Genheimer
Cincinnati Museum Center
The Barnyard Site, an outlier of the Hopewell-age Stubbs Earthwork in southwest Ohio, has proven to be one of the densest Hopewell lithic sites in America. Estimates from controlled surface collections and soil samples taken from a 0.1 hectare cultivated segment of the site suggest that between 8 and 12 million lithic reduction flakes are present. Nearly all flakes are exotic to the area, and more than a dozen flint and material sources have been tentatively identified from areas as diverse as Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee, and Wyoming. Obsidian and quartz are of particular interest since reduction waste from either is extremely rare in Ohio. Plow zone removal above the densest portion of the site revealed the presence of four or more structures, including one that is clearly rectangular in outline.