Black and White and Buried All Over
Frank L. Cowan
F. Cowan and Associates
Ohio is renowned for the many obsidian Hopewell bifaces recovered from ritually buried deposits. The obsidian bifaces are of distinctively Hopewellian forms and appear to have been produced in Ohio. Yet, where exactly were they made, and where are all the resulting flakes? Although far less numerous than obsidian bifaces, Hopewell crystal quartz bifaces are more ubiquitous and pose the same problem. The Koenig Quartz Deposit, adjacent the Stubbs Earthworks, indicates that obsidian and quartz were thought of, handled, and disposed of in ways fundamentally different from other non-local and exotic chipped stone materials.