Late Woodland Hunting Patterns: Evidence from Facing Monday Creek Rockshelter (33HO414), Southeastern Ohio
Intensified use of southeastern Ohio rockshelter environments during the Late Woodland is significant to resource procurement strategies of the upland environment. Evidence from Facing Monday Creek Rockshelter is synthesized with comparative research to delineate broad cultural patterns in which rockshelters served as specialized task localities. A pattern includes intermittent seasonal exploitation by small hunting parties or task groups in search of target resources at known locations. It is hypothesized that during the Late Woodland, aggregation to larger residential settlements within the broad alluvial valleys resulted in an increased distance to upland settings initiating a site function for rockshelters as temporary hunting stations.