Earthwork Design, Polities, and Possible Trails in the Scioto River Drainage

N'omi B. Greber, Cleveland Museum of Natural History

The ancient embankment walls found in the Scioto River drainage mark places that reflect civic, ceremonial-ritual, political, and economic aspects of the groups of peoples who built them. Suggestions of polities associated with groups of earthworks in the Central Scioto region were discussed. Using mainly the iconography of enclosure ground plans, other polities are suggested within the drainage. A comparison of the locational pattern of sites containing true geometric square shaped enclosures and the locations of recorded eighteenth century journeys in the region was presented.