Preliminary Report on Initial Investigations at the Possum Hollow Site (33Ct 645), A Buried Early Woodland Habitation site near Batavia Village, Clermont County, Ohio

John F. Schweikart, Ohio Department of Transportation and Tara Tarlton, Hocking College

Beginning in April 2002, the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) in cooperation with ASC Group, Inc., Cultural Resources Analysts, Inc., and the Miamiville Archaeological Conservation Society initiated cultural resources investigations for a proposed culvert replacement and roadway realignment for a section of State Route 222 north of Batavia Village in Clermont County Ohio. As a result, the Possum Hollow Site (33 Ct 645) was identified. Initial investigations demonstrate the utility of focused geophysical investigations in combination with targeted mechanical excavations to identify and evaluate buried, low-density, prehistoric sites which nonetheless have a great potential to address important questions concerning Ohio prehistory. In this case, the Possum Hollow Site represents a single component Early Woodland occupation with a robust ceramic assemblage that appears to date to the early part of the Early Woodland Period. This project also demonstrates the benefits of this kind of collaborative approach between state agencies, cultural resources consultants, and the avocational archaeological community.

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