Archaeological Excavations at the Singer Site (33DE266), A Late Woodland Occupation on the Maumee River in Defiance County, Ohio

Erica L. Cameron and Andrew M. Schneider, The Mannik & Smith Group

The Singer Site (33De266) is a Late Woodland occupation located along the north bank of the Maumee River near the town of Delaware Bend in Defiance County, Ohio. The Mannik & Smith Group conducted data recovery excavations at the site in May 2003 for a bridge replacement project sponsored by the Defiance County Engineers and the Ohio Department of Transportation. A combination of shovel test units, larger hand-excavated units, and mechanically-stripped trenches disclosed prehistoric cultural features including several hearths, refuse pits, possible post molds, and a buried midden deposit. The artifact assemblage includes animal bone representing numerous taxa, copious amounts of mussel shell, decorated ceramic sherds, and lithic tools and debitage. Diagnostic ceramic rimsherds from the site suggest Western Basin Tradition, Younge and Springwells Phase occupations (ca. A.D. 1000-1300). Although the analyses are in preliminary stages, the artifact assemblage appears to support previously suggested cultural interaction between Western Basin Tradition populations of Ohio and Oliver Phase people of Indiana.